It is estimated that 12 percent of patients will experience an adverse event in a hospital, with half of those occurring while in surgery. Adverse events include leaving an object in a patient, infections that could have been avoided or the death of a patient. Researchers from the University of Aberdeen have identified several non-technical skills that those in an operating room may need to help avoid these accidents.
Many Oregon residents may not be familiar with leptospirosis, a zoonotic disease that is caused by a bacteria that can found in rat urine. However, those who live in urban areas or areas that have high numbers of rats and other carriers should be aware that the disease causes almost 60,000 deaths every year worldwide and has a 10 percent fatality rate.
Oregon patients who have been diagnosed with cancer may have better outcomes if they are given detailed information about their condition. According to a British study of 10,000 cancer patients, people with more knowledge about the specific type of cancer that they had and how it was being treated were twice as likely to recover from their illness than patients who remained ignorant about the details of their illness.
Doctors recommend prostate cancer screening for all men between the ages of 40 and 75, and Prostate Cancer Awareness Month in September is designed to remind people of the importance of this procedure. Medical studies have shown that black men are more likely to be diagnosed with prostate cancer than any other population. Furthermore, the type of prostate cancer that black men get tends to be more aggressive. When treated, they still to have a poorer outcome than Caucasian men.
Oregon residents may be interested to learn that the National Academy of Medicine has been working on a new study that examines misdiagnosis as a serious cause of medical error that harms patients. In one prominent case from 2014, a Liberian man in Texas was given antibiotics for an illness that later turned out to be Ebola.
Many Oregon residents suffer complications due to physicians' misdiagnoses yearly, and one study conducted in 2014 indicated that approximately 5 percent of all diagnoses issued annually across the country are erroneous. The problem has been difficult to overcome in the past due to its varied nature. The severity of its consequences can range from mild to fatal; furthermore, it can be caused by a myriad of issues including miscommunication, flawed imaging and symptoms connected to multiple conditions. In response to this widespread problem, a group of expert advocates from several organizations have formed a coalition meant to lower the national rate of misdiagnoses.
As many Oregon residents may know, pneumonia may initially present as an upper respiratory infection. However, unlike such an infection, the symptoms may worsen. Health care professionals use a series of diagnostic tests to determine whether pneumonia is present.
Oregon residents may be interested in learning more about the push for implementing cameras into operating rooms to better document surgical procedures. Trailing only cancer and heart disease, medical errors is the third-leading cause of death in the country, killing an estimated 400,000 people every year. Many of these surviving relatives believe they would have more answers about their loved ones' demise if physicians' and staff members' activities were monitored by cameras installed in surgical operating rooms.